Antiquity, Western and Eastern Europe
100% wool, handmade.
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Phrygian cap, Armenian cap, ” cap of freedom»
A soft high conical headdress, known since antiquity and originating from Asia Minor. For a long time, it remained a sign of belonging to a certain territory or origin from it.
It was used by the tribes that inhabited Thrace, Dacia, and Dalmatia in ancient times. In ancient Rome, the headdress symbolizing freedom was called pileus. It was round or pointed, and was made of felt, fur, or wool: originally, the femoral part of the animal’s hide, tied or sewn on the narrow side
Such a cap in Greece and Rome was usually worn by artisans and other free commoners.
Images are found on some ancient Roman monuments — in particular, in some subjects on the famous Trajan’s column. Similar headdresses were worn by the Cimmerians and Scythians, they can be seen in Greek images of the Scythians, in particular, on the famous golden Scythian hryvnia, made in ancient times by Greek craftsmen for sale in Scythia.
Bronze helmets in the form of a Phrygian cap were popular in the Macedonian army. A similar helmet was found in the grave of Philip II of Macedon. In addition, the Phrygian cap was an attribute of the Persian sun god Mithras, whose cult was widespread in the Roman Empire before the adoption of Christianity.
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