These helmets replaced the conical helmets of the Norman type, because they gave much better protection from blows from above — the blow falls at an angle to the surface, so it slips off. This property was important in the conditions of equestrian combat.
These helmets were riveted from four iron plates with a thickness of 1.2-1.7 mm, pulled together from below by a hoop. Rectangular loops were cut out in this hoop and a metal rod was passed inside to fasten the chainmail bar. The pommel of the helmet was a sleeve, which, perhaps, sometimes served for a plume; it was riveted from above to the crown.
The front and back plates were riveted onto the sides, they had patterned, wavy edges. Each projection of these edges was riveted with a hemispherical rivet. The edges of the connection of the crown plates were laid with a gilded copper tape.
A distinctive feature of these helmets is also the decoration. The segments of the crown were covered with gilded copper, and on top — shaped metal overlays. A number of helmets had square plaques on the sides with a small protrusion, a kind of small umbons that protected the barmitsa.
A distinctive feature is also the decoration in the form of a shamrock or trident on the forehead, in which the central figure was slightly higher than the side ones.
Square umbons, shamrock, rim and pommel could be silvered.
As a rule, they did not have face protection, although a late sample with an arrow to protect the nose is known.
The height of the case was 18-22 cm, the total height was 25-29 cm.
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