Barbute helmet with a ” Y ” shaped face cutout.
Western Europe. The second third – the end of the XV century.
Welded dome. Steel 3, thickness 2mm.
Barbute (English Barbute ital. Barbotto) – Italian infantry helmet of the XV century, largely covering the face due to the developed cheek pads. The Y-shaped cutout of some barbutes of the XV century copies the ancient helmets of the Hoplites (Сorinphian barbute). There are two explanations for this name, which literally means “bearded” (ital. Barba-beard): a helmet “with a beard”, that is, with protrusions covering the cheeks, and “a helmet from under which the owner’s beard protrudes”. Some barbutes were supplied with barmitsa (barbute a camalia), the bulk — no (barbute sin camalia). Barbutes were forged in different shapes-from completely opening the face to completely covering it. In Italy of the XV-XVI centuries, the word “barbute “was also used to refer to the number of men-at-arms in a detachment (for example,”a detachment of 1000 barbutes”). This helmet also had other names (depending on the region).): for example, in Germany they were called “Italian salads” or “Italian bascinets”.
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